• The first voloume of the series Avestan Manuscripts in Iran has already appeared: The Liturgical Widewdad manuscript ms. 4161 (Wandidad-e Jahanbaxshi), Girona-Tehran, 2015. More info here
  • The book A. Cantera, Vers une édition de la liturgie longue zoroastrienne. Pensées et travaux préliminaires (Cahiers de Studia iranica , 51) has been published.
  • Bahram Boroumand helds a seminary on Avestan Paleography at the University of Salamanca between July 7 and 10, 2014
  • The Exhition The Everlasting Flame (11th october-14th december 2013, Brunei Gallery, SOAS, London) shows a nice sample of Avestan manuscripts usually hosted in the British Library
  • The text of the Yasna ī Rapihwin ceremony is already available in ADA, vid. complete ceremonies"
Universidad de Salamanca Junta de Castilla y León Casa asia Ministerio de ciencia e innovación

As already mentioned, when you get a image, it is on the first instance a miniature of a widht of ca. 400 pixel. Although the text of the images can usually be read without magnifying it, you might want to magnify the image in order to see it with more detail. you must click on the image or on the magnifying glass on the right top.

Then, if you are working with Internet Explorer, a new window will be opened. The image appearing now is a much bigger image (ca. 1Mb) in the best quaity we serve images on the online archive. In order to see this image rightly, we recommend to mgnify the image window as much as possible. However, if you vwant to see one part of the image bigger, you have to click on the image and then on the little square that will appear on the image, if you are working with Internet Exlorer.

If you are working with Firefox, one click on the image will be enogh to magnify it, and just another click will minimize it.

In each image you will find the original page of the manuscript and a white frame surrounding it. In the right margin it is always indicated where a passage begins. Thus, for instance, Y10.7 indicates that in that line Y10.7 begins.

If two passages begin in the same line (it can happen only when abbreviations occur), the second one will be marked on the left margin.

Sometimes, in abbreviations we indicate also the end of a passage if the beginnig does not appear int he manuscript.

Very often a passage does not begin and ends in the same page. For viewing the next page, you have to click above on the right indicator, as hown in the image below. Then, the next page will be shown. It is also possible to see the previous image by clicking on the left indicator. Thus, you can move backwards with the left indicator or onwards with the right indicator along the manuscript.


Every image includes also metadata in xml with information about the manuscript and the page you are viewing. By clicking in the small image of a manuscript between the right indicator and the magnifying glass located on the right top, it is possible to see this information when searching by libraries as well as by passages.

This information will appear in a new window.

The image of B2 containing Y10.6 contans, for example, following metadata:

- Manuscript identifier (that is, the name of the manuscript): B2

- Institution (where it is preserved now): BUL (that is, Bombay University Library)

- Collection (if it belongs to a special collection in this institution)

- Geldner (signature in Geldner's edition, if available): B2.

- Original place: Bombay

- Original date: unknown in B2

- Dimension (in cm): 21'5 x 27 cm

- Type (class of manuscript): V-IndS (Videvdad Indian Sade)

- Copyist: unknown in B2

- Colophon: B2 has no colophon

- Filiation (its place in the written transmission): unknown for the moment

- Work (Yasna, Videvdad, etc.): Yasna

- Book: 10

- Number of page: 15

- Type (recto or verso): r

- Paragraphs: 6,7,8 (that is, Y10.6, 7, 8)

- Collaborator (who has indexed the page and filled the metadata): Ferrer (Juan José Ferrer)

- Comments (possible misplacements, additions on the margin, etc.)